Tobacco Industry’s Elaborate Attempts to Control a Global Track and Trace System and Fundamentally Undermine the Illicit Trade Protocol (2018)

Authors: Anna B Gilmore, Allen W A Gallagher, and Andy Rowell Background: The Illicit Trade Protocol (ITP) requires a global track and trace (T&T) system to reduce tobacco smuggling. Given the tobacco industry’s (TI) historical involvement in tobacco smuggling, it stipulates that T&T ’shall not be performed by or delegated to the tobacco industry’. This paper […]

Cigarette Smuggling: Using the Shadow Economy or Creating its Own? (2018)

Authors: Rajeev K. Goel and James W. Saunoris  Cigarette smuggling undermines policymakers’ efforts to curb smoking while also leading to tax revenue leakages. Policymakers around the world are trying to obtain a better understanding of how to combat cigarette smuggling. This paper adds to the literature on cigarette demand and related smuggling by considering the […]

Big Tobacco is consistently overstating black market in cigarettes – new findings

Author: Gallagher, A. and Gilmore, A. What’s the size of the black market in tobacco and who is behind it? These questions have dogged governments, public health advocates, researchers and the tobacco industry for years. The world’s biggest tobacco companies spend millions on research to produce answers – commissioning reports which often conclude that the […]

Graduated Sovereignty and Global Governance Gaps: Special Economic Zones and the Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products (2017)

Authors: Chris Holden  Abstract Illicit trade in tobacco products has been a significant problem globally for many years. It allows cigarettes to be sold far below their legal price and thus contributes to higher consumption, morbidity and mortality, and deprives state treasuries of a substantial amount of revenue. This article identifies special economic zones (SEZs), particularly […]

An analysis of the Australian Illicit Tobacco Market (2017)

Authors: Mark Lauchs and Rebecca Keane  Abstract Purpose: This paper aims to provide an overview of the illicit tobacco market in Australia. It attempts to build a picture of the sources of demand, size of the market and methods of supply. Design/methodology/approach: This paper is based on collation of disparate government reports, industry research, media and court documents. […]

Commentary on Joossens et al. (2010): Eliminating the Global Illicit Cigarette Trade – What do we really know? (2010) 

Author: Evan Belcher This paper by Joossens, Merriman, Ross & Raw is a timely addition to the public health literature, most notably because of ongoing negotiations on the Illicit Trade Protocol of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. The Protocol has the potential to create a global best practice and standards to help reduce the […]

The Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products is live!

Yesterday, 27 June 2018, the conditions for the entry into force of the first legally binding instrument adopted under the WHO FCTC were met, paving the way to eliminate illicit trade of tobacco products The Secretariat of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) is pleased to announce that with the ratification of […]

“Cigarette Smuggling for Greenhorns”: Recent Patterns of Illegal Tobacco Trade in the Czech Republic (2016)

Authors: Petr Kupka and Kateřina Tvrdá  Abstract One of the countries impacted to a lesser degree by the illegal trade in tobacco products is the Czech Republic. Recently the proportion of counterfeit or smuggled cigarettes declined by approximately 3 % of the market while decentralisation and fragmentation are the main processes underlining the black trade in tobacco […]

The Illicit Tobacco Market in Sweden – From Smuggling to Warehousing (2016)

Authors: Johanna Skinnari and Lars Korsell  Abstract Research on the illicit tobacco market in Sweden is scarce. Actors in the licit tobacco market have made estimations of the size of its illicit counterpart and claim that organised crime is highly involved in this market. In a pilot study (a part of the larger EU funded […]

Content Analysis of Tobacco Industry Data on the Illicit Tobacco Trade in UK Newspapers During the Standardised Packaging Debate (2016)

Authors: Karen Evans-Reeves et al. Abstract Background: Standardised tobacco packaging, which commenced in the UK in May, 2016, has been vehemently opposed by transnational tobacco companies. Previous research has concluded that companies invoke the existence of an illicit trade in tobacco to oppose tobacco control policies and exaggerate its true scale. The argument they make […]