The Impact of Eliminating the Global Illicit Cigarette Trade on Health and Revenue (2010)

Author: Luk Joossens et al. Abstract Aims: The purpose of this study was to update global estimates of the illicit cigarette trade, based on recent data, and estimate how many lives could be saved by eliminating it and how much revenue governments would gain. Data sources and methods: Our estimates of illicit market share are […]

A Mountain or a Molehill: Is the Illicit Trade in Cigarettes Undermining Tobacco Control Policy in South Africa? (2010)

Author: Evan Blecher Abstract This study estimates the size of the market for illicit cigarettes in South Africa between 1997 and 2007 in order to consider the impact of the illicit trade in cigarettes on the effectiveness of tobacco control policies. Estimates of the illicit market are made using data on smoking prevalence and simulations […]

Problems, Policies and Politics: A Comparative Case Study of Contraband Tobacco From the 1990s to the Present in the Canadian Context (2010)

Authors: Robert Schwartz and Teela Johnson  Abstract Contraband tobacco has been and continues to be a global public health policy concern, with special manifestations in Canada. Over the past 20 years, in two noteworthy instances the Canadian government has battled contraband – in the early 1990s, and for much of the past decade. In the […]

Prevalence of Smuggled and Foreign Cigarette use in Tehran, 2009 (2009)

Authors: Gholamreza Heydari et al. Abstract Background: Iran is one of two main target markets for tobacco smuggling in the WHO’s Eastern Mediterranean Region. The Iranian government has a local tobacco monopoly but there is high demand for international brands. Informal reports show about 20% of cigarette consumption is smuggled brands. This pack survey study is […]

Smuggling as the “Key to a Combined Market”: British American Tobacco in Lebanon (2008)

Authors: Rima Nakkash and Kwang Jae Lee Abstract Objectives: To understand the strategy of British American Tobacco (BAT) and other transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) to gain access to the Lebanese market, which has remained relatively closed under monopoly ownership and political instability. Methods: Analysis of internal industry documents, local language secondary sources and industry publications. […]

“Key to the Future”: British American Tobacco and Cigarette Smuggling in China (2006)

Authors: Kelley Lee and Jeff Collin Cigarette smuggling is a major public health issue, stimulating increased tobacco consumption and undermining tobacco control measures. China is the ultimate prize among tobacco’s emerging markets, and is also believed to have the world’s largest cigarette smuggling problem. Previous work has demonstrated the complicity of British American Tobacco (BAT) in […]

Complicity in Contraband: British American Tobacco and Cigarette Smuggling in Asia (2004)

Authors: J Collin Abstract Objectives: To examine the complicity of British American Tobacco (BAT) in cigarette smuggling in Asia, and to assess the centrality of illicit trade to regional corporate strategy. Methods: Analysis of previously confidential documents from BAT’s Guildford depository. An iterative strategy combined searches based on geography, organisational structure, and key personnel, while corporate euphemisms for […]

Progress in Combating Cigarette Smuggling: Controlling the Supply Chain (2008)

Authors: Luk Joossens and M Raw Abstract Background: The illicit tobacco trade results in huge losses of revenue to governments, estimated at $US40–50 billion in 2006, and in increased consumption and thus health problems because it makes tobacco available more cheaply. On 20 October 2008 the second meeting of the International Negotiating Body (INB2) on the […]