Closing the Door on Illicit Tobacco Trade, Opens the Way to Better Tobacco Control (2015)

Author: Vinayak Prasad et al. This year we are celebrating with the world the 10th anniversary of the entry into force of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC). Parties to the WHO FCTC have come a long way in tobacco control since the negotiations of the Convention started; nonetheless there […]

European Watchdog is Failing to Hold Tobacco Industry to Account Over Smuggling (2015)

Author: Martin McKee What are agreements with the industry worth? For over a decade the European Union’s antifraud organisation, OLAF (Office Européen de Lutte Antifraude) has, controversially, engaged with the tobacco industry, ostensibly to counter tobacco smuggling. This is despite extensive evidence of industry complicity in smuggling,1 a situation that seems to persist.2 It also represents a U-turn […]

Did the Tobacco Industry Inflate Estimates of Illicit Cigarette Consumption in Asia? (2015)

Author: Jing Chen et al. Abstract Objective: Estimates of illicit cigarette consumption are limited and the data obtained from studies funded by the tobacco industry have a tendency to inflate them. This study aimed to validate an industry-funded estimate of 35.9% for Hong Kong using a framework taken from an industry-funded report, but with more transparent data […]

Measures to Control Illicit Tobacco Trade (2015)

Introduction The tobacco market, like many other markets, is subject to illegal activities, primarily related to tax evasion and counterfeiting of legal products. Since a sizable illicit tobacco market can both deprive governments of much needed revenue and undermine the effectiveness of tobacco control efforts, governments dealing with the issue have developed a set of […]

Controlling Illicit Tobacco Trade: International Experience (2015)

Introduction This report presents a series of case studies on the efforts of various governments to address illicit trade in tobacco. The countries for the case studies were selected based on meeting the following set of criteria: an explicit, and in many cases a comprehensive, effort to deal with tobacco tax evasion and tax avoidance; […]

A Critique of the ITIC/O Asia-14 Illicit Tobacco Indicator 2013 (2015)

Author: Hana Ross Executive Sumary The “Asia-14 Illicit Tobacco Indicator 2013” (Asia-14) report was published by the International Tax and Investment Center (ITIC) and Oxford Economics (OE) as a follow up to their previous attempt to estimate the scope and composition of illicit tobacco consumption in Asia presented in “Asia-11 Illicit Tobacco Indicator 2012” (Asia-11). […]

Contrasting Academic and Tobacco Industry Estimates of Illicit Cigarette Trade: Evidence from Warsaw, Poland (2014)

Authors: Michal Stoklosa and Hana Ross Abstract Objective: To compare two different methods for estimating the size of the illicit cigarette market with each other and to contrast the estimates obtained by these two methods with the results of an industry-commissioned study. Methods: We used two observational methods: collection of data from packs in smokers’ […]

Tobacco Industry Manipulation of Data on and Press Coverage of the Illicit Tobacco Trade in the UK (2014)

Authors: Amber Rowell et al. Abstract Background: In the UK, transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) have been arguing that levels of illicit trade are high and increasing and will rise further if standardised packaging is implemented. This paper examines trends in and accuracy of media reporting of, and industry data on, illicit tobacco in the UK. […]

Countering the Demand for, and Supply of, Illicit Tobacco: An Assessment of the ‘North of England Tackling Illicit Tobacco for Better Health’ Programme (2014)

Authors: Ann McNeill et al. Abstract Background: Illicit tobacco (IT) undermines the effectiveness of tobacco control strategies. We assessed the implementation and impact of a new programme designed to reduce demand for, as well as supply of, IT, in the north of England, where IT was prevalent. Methods: ‘Mixed methods’ research was undertaken. Qualitative methods […]

The Transnational Tobacco Companies’ Strategy to Promote Codentify, their Inadequate Tracking and Tracing Standard (2014)

Authors:  Luk Joossens and Anna B Gilmore Introduction In 2011 INTERPOL, the world’s largest police organisation, accepted a donation from Philip Morris International (PMI) of €15 million, an 8% increase to its total annual budget (€60 million in 2011) for each of the next 3 years.3 Its 2011 budget was €60 million, of which 84% was contributed by […]