Canada: Controlling Illicit Tobacco Trade (2019)

Author: Robert Schwartz Abstract The tobacco industry instigated illicit tobacco trade in Canada in the 1990s in response to tobacco tax increases at both the federal and provincial levels. To illegally avoid these taxes, tobacco companies exported tobacco products over the border to the United States and engaged some Indigenous communities adjacent to the border in […]

Tobacco Industry Manipulation of Data on and Press Coverage of the Illicit Tobacco Trade in the UK (2014)

Authors: Andy Rowell, Karen Evans-Reeves, and Anna Gilmore Abstract Background: In the UK, transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) have been arguing that levels of illicit trade are high and increasing and will rise further if standardised packaging is implemented. This paper examines trends in and accuracy of media reporting of, and industry data on, illicit tobacco in the UK. Methods: Quantification […]

Towards a Greater Understanding of the Illicit Tobacco Trade in Europe: A Review of the PMI Funded ‘Project Star’ Report (2013)

Authors: Anna Gilmore et al. Abstract Following a legal agreement with the European Union (EU), Philip Morris International (PMI) commissions a yearly report (‘Project Star’, PS) on the European illicit cigarette trade from KPMG, the global accountancy firm. Review of PS 2010 report. Comparison with data from independent sources including a 2010 pan-European survey (N=18 056). […]

The Tobacco Industry’s Use of Wall Street Analysts in Shaping Policy (2004)

Authors: Benjamin Alamar and Stanton Glantz Abstract Objective: To document how the tobacco industry has used Wall Street analysts to further its public policy objectives. Methods: Searching tobacco documents available on the internet, newspaper articles, and transcripts of public hearings. Results: The tobacco industry used nominally independent Wall Street analysts as third parties to support the tobacco industry’s legislative agenda […]

Tobacco Industry’s Elaborate Attempts to Control a Global Track and Trace System and Fundamentally Undermine the Illicit Trade Protocol (2019)

Authors: Anna B Gilmore, Allen W A Gallagher, and Andy Rowell Abstract Background: The Illicit Trade Protocol (ITP) requires a global track and trace (T&T) system to reduce tobacco smuggling. Given the tobacco industry’s (TI) historical involvement in tobacco smuggling, it stipulates that T&T ‘shall not be performed by or delegated to the tobacco industry’. This […]

Tobacco Industry Data on Illicit Tobacco Trade: A Systematic Review of Existing Assessments (2019)

Authors: Allen Gallagher, et al. Abstract Objective: To examine the quality of tobacco industry-funded data on the illicit tobacco trade (ITT) through a systematic review of existing assessments of industry-funded data on ITT. Data sources: Papers and reports assessing tobacco industry-funded data on ITT were obtained via searches of 8 academic databases, Google searches and correspondence with […]

Tobacco Taxation, Illegal Cigarette Supply and Geography (2019)

Author: Dardo Curti et al. Abstract Background: In Uruguay, real tobacco taxes increased significantly during 2005–2010 and 2014–2017 and decreased during 2010–2014. The effects of these tax changes on illegal and legal cigarette usage differed significantly when we compared cities in the middle and south of the country with cities on the border. Objective: This paper […]

Memoranda of Understanding: A Tobacco Industry Strategy to Undermine Illicit Tobacco Trade Policies (2019)

Authors: Eric Crosbie, Stella Bialous and Stanton A Glantz Abstract Objective: Analyse the transnational tobacco companies’ (TTCs) memoranda of understanding (MoUs) on illicit trade and how they could undermine the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products (Protocol). Methods: Review of tobacco industry documents and websites, reports, […]

Cigarette Smuggling: Using the Shadow Economy or Creating its Own? (2018)

Authors: Rajeev K. Goel and James W. Saunoris  Cigarette smuggling undermines policymakers’ efforts to curb smoking while also leading to tax revenue leakages. Policymakers around the world are trying to obtain a better understanding of how to combat cigarette smuggling. This paper adds to the literature on cigarette demand and related smuggling by considering the […]


TRACK AND TRACE SYSTEMS AND THEIR PROPONENTS: THE LINKS WITH THE TOBACCO INDUSTRY  From Complicity in Cigarette Smuggling to Promoting so-called Solutions The Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products (text here) will enter into force on 25 September 2018. It builds on Article 15 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO […]