November 4, 2020
According to research by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the US National Cancer Institute, smoking costs the world economy about 1,000 billion USD each year. In addition, smoking each year causes about 7-8 million deaths, and this number will increase by about a third by 2030. Those losses are more than the annual revenue from taxes. in tobacco – estimated at 269 billion USD in 2013-14, not to mention nearly 1 billion USD invested in tobacco control.
WHO conducted a large-scale study that involved more than 60 doctors, public health experts, researchers and other scientists. The research results show that smoking is one of the biggest causes of premature death in the world. If countries do not actively adopt more tobacco control policies, the consequences will not only be a global public health problem, but also an economic problem.
According to Mr. Oleg Chestnov of WHO: “The tobacco industry produces and markets products (cigarettes) that cause millions of premature deaths, taking away the financial resources of households – which should be used for education. children’s practice and buying food to feed the family, and at the same time forcing families, communities and countries to spend large sums of money on health care ”.
According to WHO research, most people with tobacco use health problems live in developing countries. Specifically, 80% of the total of more than 1.1 billion smokers worldwide live in low-income and middle-income countries. The poorer the poor, the more difficult it becomes to deal with the consequences of smoking.
To save the lives of many people, WHO recommends that countries adopt policies that control tobacco use, including taxing and increasing cigarette prices, as well as restricting tobacco marketing activities.
Experts note that the Government of some countries strongly opposes the introduction of tobacco control policies because they fear that it will harm the economy. But “in fact, it’s the exact opposite,” said Jeremiah Paul, the WHO Tobacco Control Economics division.
Due to technological innovation, and tobacco enterprises gradually shifting from state to private ownership, the number of jobs that depend on the tobacco industry has declined in most countries.
“For most countries, the implementation of tobacco control measures will have very little impact on the job market and will almost not lead to job loss,” the WHO research report said .
In the US, smoking rates have fallen to an all-time low of 15.1%, but smoking remains “the leading cause of preventable disease. and death) ”, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The proportion of men who smoke cigarettes is higher than that of women. The US has imposed tax increases, but taxes still account for less than 50% of the retail cigarette price on average.
The WHO report also noted that the United States is still behind many countries in the labeling of visual warnings as well as limiting tobacco marketing.
T. Hai – (According to Washingtonpost)